Most Popular JavaScript Frameworks & Libraries for Web Development in 2020

JavaScript has become one of the topmost programming language in the world. The knowledge of JavaScript and various popular JavaScript frameworks is very important if you want to become a web developer. The good thing about the frameworks is you can develop a website very quickly in very less time.

Frameworks have completely changed the way of web development. After introducing the nodejs, it’s even possible to create a complete web application(Front-end and Back-end) using just one programming language, JavaScript. This is why JavaScript has become the favorite programming language of all full-stack web developers.

JavaScript was introduced as a client-side scripting language that could be used along with HTML for making web pages. It could be used to provide dynamic functionality at the client-side like the form validations, animations, etc.

Things changed when AJAX came into the picture which allowed the web developer to update the specific part of the web page without downloading the whole web page from the server. AJAX made the GUI faster and more responsive.

After that jQuery came, which made the JavaScript hugely popular. Due to it’s simple syntax it won the game for JavaScript on the client-side with virtually no competition. Still, server-side languages like PHP, Python, and Ruby was still required to develop web applications.

It was difficult to create and manage UI with different technologies e.g. ASP .NET, JSP, etc at that time and then comes nodeJs which made it possible to create a server-side component using JavaScript. At present, you can develop a fully functional web application by just using JavaScript.

Top 10 JavaScript framework for Web Developers.

In this article, we are going to see some of the most useful JavaScript frameworks and libraries that can be used for web development. If you want to be a good developer then you should be familiar with them and know when you can use them to build your next project. Following are the topmost JavaScript frameworks and libraries:

1. Node JS
Node JS is one of the powerful JavaScript framework which allows you to develop a server-side application using JavaScript.

You can now develop a complete web application including Front-end as well as Back-end using JavaScript and this is the biggest advantage of Node JS. It is free of cost and you can run on almost all the platforms (Windows, Linux, Unix, Mac OS X, etc). NodeJs is very lightweight and efficient due to it’s asynchronous, event-driven, non-blocking I/O model.

NodeJs has a great collection of open source libraries in the world. These libraries are managed as packages under the node package manager also called npm.

2. React JS
React is a JavaScript library for building user interfaces. It is maintained by Facebook and the community of individual developers and companies. It’s a component-based web development library for making UIs and it offers declarative views, which makes the code more predictable and easier to debug.

It’s a view layer of MVC that means it doesn’t support controllers and models. React can also be used to make mobile applications and it can also render on the server using NodeJS. In short, it is capable to build powerful, fast, user-friendly and reactive web applications.

3. Vue JS
Similar to React, Vue JS is another open-source progressive JavaScript framework for building user interfaces.

Vue JS is designed to be incrementally adaptable, which means it’s easy to use other JavaScript libraries into the Vue JS project and this is why it’s popular.

It also supports declarative rendering using template syntax to provide data to the DOM. For complex applications that required advanced features such as routing, state management, and build tooling there are officially maintained supporting libraries and packages. Nuxt.js is one of the most popular solution.

4. jQuery
jQuery is a JavaScript library designed to simplify HTML DOM tree traversal and manipulation, as well as event handling, CSS animation, and Ajax. It is one of the most popular JavaScript library which provides a number of features for modern web development.

jQuery has API for event handling, animation, and DOM manipulation which makes it easy to implement. jQuery is being used with other frameworks and libraries like Angular, React, Vue, etc and this is why as a developer it is must you should have the knowledge of jQuery.

5. Backbone JS
Backbone JS is a JavaScript library with a RESTful JSON interface and is based on the Model–view–presenter (MVP) application design paradigm. Backbone is known for being lightweight, as its only hard dependency is on one JavaScript library, Underscore.js, plus jQuery for use of the full library.

Backbone is designed for developing single-page web applications. It also provides the model with a rich API of enumerable functions, views with declarative event handling, and connects it all to your existing API over a RESTful JSON interface.

6. Ember JS
Ember.js is an open-source JavaScript web framework, based on the Model–View–ViewModel (MVVM) pattern. It allows developers to create scalable single-page web applications by incorporating common idioms and best practices into the framework.

Although it was primarily considered for web development, it is also possible to build desktop as well as mobile applications in Ember. It has a templating feature also known as handlebars that helps in writing less code and update themselves with a change in data.

7. Meteor JS
Meteor JS, is a free and open-source isomorphic JavaScript web framework written using Node.js. Meteor allows for rapid prototyping and produces cross-platform (Android, iOS, Web) code. It integrates with MongoDB and uses the Distributed Data Protocol and a publish-subscribe pattern to automatically propagate data changes to clients without requiring the developer to write any synchronization code.

It helps in faster app development for web, mobile or desktop with relatively less code.

8. Angular
Angular previously known as Angular JS is a single web development framework developed by Google for both desktop and mobile web applications. Angular is the frontend part of the MEAN stack, consisting of MongoDB database, Express.js web application server framework, Angular.js itself, and Node.js server runtime environment.

Aim of the Angular is to build progressive web applications by offering dependency injection. Dependency injection helps in data service assembly for the applications and the HTML template is used for composing templates. It has a powerful ecosystem that includes four data libraries and support in IDE’s.

9. Polymer JS
The polymer is another open-source JavaScript library developed by Google for building web applications using Web Components. This library helps to create custom reusable HTML elements, which can be used to build performant, maintainable web applications.

If we compare Polymer with Angular as we know both are developed by Google and the main difference between these are Angular is a complete framework for building web apps, whereas Polymer is just a library for building web components.

10. Ext JS
Ext JS is a pure JavaScript application framework for building interactive cross-platform web applications using techniques such as Ajax, DHTML and DOM scripting. It can be used as a simple component framework (to e.g. create dynamic grids on otherwise static pages), but also as a full framework for building single-page applications.

Ext JS or Sencha Ext JS is used for making data-intensive, enterprise-oriented and cross-platform web applications. It provides several sophisticated UI components like calendars and data grid.

That’s all about some of the topmost JavaScript frameworks and libraries for web development. There are numerous other JavaScript libraries for web development but these frameworks and libraries are the best performers till now and they have made the web development easier and faster.

I hope you find this article interesting and thanks for reading it. Please share this article with your friends and colleagues if you find these frameworks and libraries useful.

Leave a Reply